An analysis of the curricula of school librarianship programmes in colleges of education in Transkei, Venda, Bophuthatswana and Ciskei.
Majaja, Vatiswa Violet.
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The main focus of the study is an examination of School Librarianship programmes offered in colleges of education for blacks in the former independent states or TVBC states. School Librarianship is one of the subjects that constitute the colleges of education curriculum. An investigation into the teaching of School Librarianship in teacher training institutions has been provoked by a poor quality of education, a low pass rate and a lack of information literacy in black schools. The researcher believes that if these programmes could be relevant and appropriate, they would make a greater contribution in the education of the teacher and later that of the child. The study was conducted by means of acquiring syllabi from the various education departments concerned. The syllabi were examined using the following criteria: source of the syllabus; the title; date of implementation; groups or levels intended for training, such as Junior Primary Teachers Diploma, Senior Primary Teachers Diploma, Senior Primary Teachers Diploma, Secondary Teachers Diploma etc.; grouping in the colleges of education curriculum, duration of the course; curriculum objectives and aims; curriculum content; teaching methodologies; teaching time and methods of evaluation. The syllabi were analyzed individually and comparatively. The comparative analysis revealed that both the Venda Education Department and Ciskei Education Department use the same syllabi, of the former Department of Education and Training (DET). The Venda and Ciskei syllabi emphasize library orientation, while the Transkei and Bophutatswana syllabi emphasize preparation of the teacher trainee to run a school library/media centre. It was noted that both groups of syllabi attend only to one aspect of the problem; either orientation of students about information use or preparation of students to run a school library or media centre. It was suggested that they should address both aspects of the problem equally. Lastly, guidelines of an appropriate School Librarianship curricula were suggested focusing on the findings of the study and also using suggestions by authorities in the subject.