Energy efficient medium access protocol for DS-CDMA based wireless sesor networks.
Thippeswamy, Muddenahalli Nagendrappa.
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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), a new class of devices, has the potential to revolutionize the capturing, processing, and communication of critical data at low cost. Sensor networks consist of small, low-power, and low-cost devices with limited computational and wireless communication capabilities. These sensor nodes can only transmit a finite number of messages before they run out of energy. Thus, reducing the energy consumption per node for end-to-end data transmission is an important design consideration for WSNs. The Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols aim at providing collision-free access to the wireless medium. MAC protocols also provide the most direct control over the utilization of the transceiver, which consumes most of the energy of the sensor nodes. The major part of this thesis is based on a proposed MAC protocol called Distributed Receiver-oriented MAC (DRMACSN) protocol for code division multiple access (CDMA) based WSNs. The proposed MAC protocol employs the channel load blocking scheme to reduce energy consumption in the network. The performance of the proposed MAC protocol is verified through simulations for average packet throughput, average delay and energy consumption. The performance of the proposed MAC protocol is also compared to the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC and the MAC without the channel load sensing scheme via simulations. An analytical model is derived to analyse the average packet throughput and average energy consumption performance for the DRMACSN MAC protocol. The packet success probability, the message success and blocking probabilities are derived for the DRMACSN MAC protocol. The discrete-time multiple vacation queuing models are used to model the delay behaviour of the DRMACSN MAC protocol. The Probability Generating Functions (PGF) of the arrivals of new messages in sleep, back-off and transmit states are derived. The PGF of arrivals of retransmitted packets of a new message are also derived. The queue length and delay expressions for both the Bernoulli and Poisson message arrival models are derived. Comparison between the analytical and simulation results shows that the analytical model is accurate. The proposed MAC protocol is aimed at having an improved average packet throughput, a reduced packet delay, reduced energy consumption performance for WSN.