A survey to determine the need and scope for a cardiac rehabilitation programme at Grey's Hospital in KwaZulu-Natal : a multi disciplinary perspective.
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Aim : The study was explored within the context of a survey to determine the need and scope for a cardiac rehabilitation programme at Grey’s Hospital in Kwa Zulu-Natal. A multi-disciplinary perspective was sought as a cardiac rehabilitation programme with a multi-disciplinary approach is holistic. Also it is an effective intervention as secondary prevention in the care of the cardiac patient. Design : Exploratory survey in a “case-study”. Setting : a provincial, tertiary hospital in Kwa-Zulu Natal Participants : Permanent healthcare workers employed by the Department of health and working in the various units at Grey’s Hospital with more than 3 years experience. Staff included nurses and doctors in the coronary care unit, medical ward D1, catheterization unit and the cardiac clinic. Allied staff such as occupational therapists, dieticians, psychologists and physiotherapists also participated in this study. Staff not satisfying the above criteria and those not consenting to be part of the study were excluded. 58 questionnaires were distributed and 35 were returned completed. Intervention : A self developed questionnaire was used and information was obtained about the demographics of the healthcare workers, relevant interaction with cardiac patients and aspects of training related to cardiac conditions. Questions were directed to professionals as pertained to their respective scope of practice. Some questions were “open” ended and required responses with descriptions and/ or explanations. Admission records were perused in various cardiac units to determine the number of cardiac patients accessing services at Grey’s Hospital. Results : The total number of cardiac patients that attended Grey’s Hospital from January 2007 to December 2011 was 19983. The cardiac clinic showed an increase annually in the number of patients each year from 2495 in 2007 to 3569 in 2011 with a total number of 15928 over 5 years. All professionals assisted patients with achieving cardiac rehabilitation goals. There was a need demonstrated for the implementation of written resources for patient education; and training of staff in cardiac rehabilitation according to international guidelines. Basic life support (CPR) training is present among some professionals. A structured referral of patients for cardiac rehabilitation is not present and a phase I-IV cardiac rehabilitation programme with updated protocols is not present at Grey’s Hospital. Health professionals listed the scope of practice for current and potential interventions with cardiac patients. Healthcare workers also expressed their views on the value of a multi-disciplinary cardiac rehabilitation programme at Grey’s Hospital. Benefits for a multi-disciplinary cardiac rehabilitation programme at referral hospitals were listed by the multi-disciplinary healthcare workers. It was found there is a strong agreement to have a cardiac rehabilitation programme at Grey’s Hospital across all disciplines. An overall agreement of 32/35 for rehabilitation programme is statistically significant with p < 0.001. Conclusion : There is a need for a multi-disciplinary cardiac rehabilitation programme at Grey’s Hospital.