Exploring the role played by leadership in managing time as a resource in schools: a case study.
Malunga, Busisiwe Gloria.
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This research study aimed to explore the role played by school leadership in managing time as a resource in schools. Literature reviewed discussed the following topics: leadership and management; conceptualising time as a crucial resource; conceptualising time management; importance in managing time; how leadership manages time; challenges affecting time management; effective time management; and the theoretical framework. This qualitative case study purposively selected three high schools in the semi-rural context of Pinetown District in KwaZulu-Natal. A sample of three principals, two deputy principals and five departmental heads were selected. This study used semi-structured interviews. Data generated were analysed following thematic analysis. Themes that emerged included: leadership roles in managing time, challenges effecting time management, effective time management, and issues emerging from literature. All ethical issues were adhered to. Data that was analysed indicated various roles played by leadership to manage time as a resource in schools. The findings reveal that school leadership plans ahead, monitors and delegates duties in order for time to be effectively managed. It was then concluded that, school leaders are intentional in their management of time, however at times there are unforeseen circumstances that hinder the plans that are made. In this regard, it is proven that the school leaders are faced with multiple challenges affecting time management. Furthermore, recommendations based on the findings are made. It is recommended that through multiple stakeholder engagement, school leaders need to craft an accountability framework that all stakeholder adhere to, so that everyone can know about the implications of their actions. It is also recommended that, the Department of Basic Education must organise time management workshops, unpacking policies on time management in order to capacitate all stakeholders.