Group analysis of equations arising in embedding theory.
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Embedding theories are concerned with the embedding of a lower dimensional manifold (dim = n, say) into a higher dimensional one (usually dim = n+1, but not necessarily so). We are concerned with the particular case of embedding 4D spherically symmetric equations into 5D Einstein spaces. This scenario is of particular relevance to contemporary cosmology and astrophysics. Essentially, they are 5D vacuum field equations with initial data given on a 4D spacetime hypersurface. The equations that arise in this framework are highly nonlinear systems of ordinary differential equations and they have been particularly resistant to solution techniques over the past few years. As a matter of fact, to date, despite theoretical results for the existence of solutions for embedding classes of 4D space times, no general solutions to the local embedding equations are known. The Lie theory of extended groups applied to differential equations has proved to be very successful since its inception in the nineteenth century. More recently, it has been successfully utilized in relativity and has provided solutions where none were previously found, as well as explaining the existence of ad hoc methods. In our work, we utilize this method in an attempt to find solutions to the embedding equations. It is hoped that we can place the analysis of these equations onto a firm theoretical basis and thus provide valuable insight into embedding theories.